Out of School Children: Causes behind Primary Dropout

Rimsha Kamran & Shamas ul Deen

 

Abstract

The research aimed to determine the causes behind dropouts from primary level education in rural areas of Pakistan and reasons why out of school children prefer to be enrolled in Non-Formal Basic Education Institutions (NFBEIs). Government of Punjab has initiated non formal institutions to tackle the issue of high dropout by opening NFBEIs in different regions of the province. The study consisted on two phases. In the first phase, children were identified who had been dropped out of school. In the second phase reasons were found out of their being dropped out and the facilities available at the NFBEIs. The population included both boys and girls. Results revealed that children do not simply quit the school but there are always a number of reasons and events in the phase of their childhood which eventually lead to be dropped off schools. Poverty was the main reason of discontinuity for schools. However school environment, attitudes of the parents, social behaviors were other reasons.